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NEURAL AND MENTAL EVOLUTION

Origins of the human body, brain, behavior, consciousness, and culture

by Joseph Altman

illustrations by Shirley A. Bayer

<a href="/table%20of%20contents.pdf" target="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><img src="wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Front-icon.png" alt="Download"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Front Matter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">Preface and Table of Contents</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%201.pdf" target="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">01</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">Supernatural, Materialistic, and Biological Theories of Mind</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%202.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">02</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">From Sentience to Sensation: Mental Evolution from Protozoans to Agnathans</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%203.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">03</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">The Evolution of Body, Brain, Behavior, and Mind in Jawed Fishes</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%204.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">04</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">The Evolution of Body, Brain, Behavior, and Mind in Quadruped Amphibians and Reptiles</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%205.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">05</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">The Evolution of Body, Brain, Behavior, and Mind from Basal Mammals to Prosimians</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%206.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">06</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">The Evolution of Body and Brain, and of Sensory and Motor Processing in Monkeys</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%207.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">07</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">The Evolution of Higher Level Neural and Mental Functions in Monkeys</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%208.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">08</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">The Evolution of Body, Brain, Behavior, and Mind in Chimpanzees</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%209.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">09</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">The Evolution of Body, Brain, Behavior, Culture, and Mentality from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%2010.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">10</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">Technical, Social, Cultural and Mental Evolution from Archaic to Greek and Roman Civilizations</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%2011.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">11</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">Technical, Social, Cultural and Mental Evolution During the Middle Ages</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%2012.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">12</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">Technical, Social, Cultural and Mental Evolution From the Early Modern Age to the Present</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Chapter%2013.pdf" tagret="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><h1 class="chapter-number">13</h1><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><p class="chapter-word">Chapter</p><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">Human Personality Differences and Individual Assimilation in Modern Societies</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>
<a href="/Bibliography%20file.pdf" target="_blank"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-row"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-number-column"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Bibliography-icon.png" alt="Download"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-title">Bibliography</div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="chapter-download-icon"><img src="/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/pdf-icon.png" alt="Download"></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></a>